Photos: Viking burial site at Repton The charnel burial at Repton includes the bones of nearly 300 people. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! This is consistent with the time the Great Heathen Army is known to have stayed at Repton.9 Parts of this excavation were filmed and shown on the BBC tv show Digging for Britain, late November 2017.10, The Repton Stone. And less than a mile away lies Heath Wood, the region’s only large-scale Viking cremation cemetery—an impractical investment for a single winter’s camp. 3 Though Repton has been a place of religious and political importance, it remains a quiet, quaint village today. The central burial and the mass bone deposit was laid directly on this layer as a single deliberate act. Find the best information and most relevant links on all topics related toThis domain may be for sale! Archaeological evidence for the Viking Great Army that invaded England in AD 865 is focused particularly on the area around St Wystan's church at Repton in Derbyshire. The bones of at least 249 people were laid around a central burial, perhaps that of a king. A square hole lined with upright stones on the south side of the hollow may have held a timber grave marker. The Viking dig in the grounds of St Wystan Church in Repton is one of the most important Viking sites of modern times. When Walker stumbled upon this amazing collective burial he had rummaged among the bone stack, dismantled the primary burial and subsequently taken away much of the stonework of the walls. When a Viking died he could either be buried or burned. It seems to have been used between 873-7 and was possibly the principal interment area of members of the Great Viking Army. A decade later, the town and surrounding area fall within the newly established Danelaw territories, and the Mercian royal family flees to safety.6 That is all information about the Great Heathen Army at Repton known until 2016. This subterranean room became a burial vault for several Mercian kings of the 8th-9th century, including Aethelbald (d.757), Wiglaf (d.840), and Wigstan (Wystan), the last murdered in a power-struggle in 849. Find the perfect repton church stock photo. The entombment is without parallel in Europe during the Viking age, and it is interesting that one saga notes that Ivar died and was buried in England 'in the manner of former times', an allusion to the fact he was interred in a barrow. Therefore, presumably, these burials all belonged to the Great Army for that single year. The long slots on the right mark the graves of later burials. 1100 years later, excavations uncovered a large defensive ditch, several distinctly Scandinavian graves, and a … The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle reports that the Viking Great Army camped over winter in Repton between 873 and 874, so it was assumed that this was a part of the Viking winter camp. The Battle of Repton is an important battle in the Vikings series. Between 1974 and 1988, t he pair excavated the area around St. Wystan’s church in Repton where they found a number of Viking graves and a type of charnel (a mass deposit of bones) under a mound in the vicarage garden. The grassland skirting the Trent exhibits a primeval air and, since learning a little of Repton's ancient history, I now picture hordes of Viking longboats marauding through the water as they did in the winter of 873, presaging a pagan presence in a kingdom where, 120 … Apart from the mass grave, another warrior grave with a sword is found outside the chancel wall. The battle opposes the Great Heathen Army to the Mercian and Wessex army, which is led by Aethelwulf. In 873 the Viking Great Army attacked the monastery in Repton, forcing the Mercian king to flee the country and installing a puppet king in his place. The grassland skirting the Trent exhibits a primeval air and, since learning a little of Repton's ancient history, I now picture hordes of Viking longboats marauding through the water as they did in the winter of 873, presaging a pagan presence in a kingdom where, 120 years previously, Christianity first came to … Historical material suggests that a Viking army wintered in Repton during the winter of 873-874 CE (Richards 2003: 384); this period clearly matches the dates indicated by the silver pennies. Repton Site Location (click on the image to enlarge) ... Having taken over the church of St Wystan in Repton, which had achieved the status of a royal shrine because its crypt had been used for Mercian royal burials, the Vikings constructed a huge D-shaped enclosure. Repton is mainly known for the crypt of the church of St Wystan, which dates from the 8 th century, and is one of the few Saxon crypts extant today <>. The early church was provided with a mausoleum in the form of the famous crypt which still survives under the chancel in the present structure. From 'The Vikings in Derbyshire'Derbyshire Life & Countryside, March & April 2007, [Two minor additions to the original are shown like this.]. In the Early Middle Ages, the river was likely to have been much closer than today. Type and Period (1) FINDSPOT (Saxon - 800 AD to 1000 AD) Protected Status/Designation. From 'The Vikings in Derbyshire' Derbyshire Life & Countryside, March & April 2007 [Two minor additions to the original are shown like this.] From each side of the church, a ditch runs to the river bank, effectively forming a D-shape.7, In 2017, Cat Jarman and Mark Horton from the University of Bristol excavate again near St. Wystan’s church (See also Viking Winter Camp at Repton). While the Viking presence at Repton has captured most popular interest (see below), it was the pre-Viking archaeology that drew me here. Many of the dead seem to have been burned on sections of boat planking, a rite which might well be a token form of ship-burial. Now new analysis and excavations have shed vivid new light on the nature of these remains, and given hints of a possible second camp nearby. Who was the exceptional individual worthy of such an outstanding communal burial effort? FIGURE 2). The battle opposes the Great Heathen Army to the Mercian and Wessex army, which is led by Aethelwulf. You should park either by the church, or the public car park just off Burton Road. Viking Age … But I thought it may worth a look, after all, the Great Heathen Army (not Derby County fans this time – even if they are the great unwashed), that band of Vikings, decided to stop in nearby Repton for Winter in 873 AD. The church is recorded in the National Heritage List for England as a designated Grade I listed building, and is dedicated to the Anglo-Saxon Saint Wystan (or Wigstan), who was formerly buried within the church's crypt. The south-west pit containing the skeletons of the four young males sacrificed as part of the rituals associated with the closure of the barrow. The Biddles believe him to be Ivar the Boneless, possibly the brother of Healfdeane, one of the leaders of the Viking force at Repton in 873-4. For later history see: St. Wystan's Church, Repton The abbey is noted for its connections to various saints and Mercian royalty; two of the thirty-seven Mercian Kings were buried within the abbey's crypt. Heavy timber joists had then been laid on the tops of the cut-down walls to form a roof subsequently covered with flat slabs. Historical records state the Viking great army wintered in Repton in … Having arrived in 873 and overwintered at Repton… This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. It was in a ruinous state in 873 when the Vikings cut it down to ground level and floored the eastern room with a thick layer of marl. Print. During the reign of Mary I, most of the priory buildings were demolished; however, the priory guesthouse survived and became the first home of Repton School. When the Vikings departed in 874, they had destroyed the abbey buildings (many of which were made of wood), and set fire to the abbey church. 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Other intact Scandinavian-type burials in the vicinity included one with a gold finger-ring, and was neatly dated by five silver pennies minted in the mid-870s. Both burials had been subsequently covered with an oblong setting of broken sandstones heaped up over the double-grave. Repton Walk This walk commences in the village of REPTON on the B5008 to the north-west of Burton on Trent. You should park either by the church, or the public car park just off Burton Road. While the Viking presence at Repton has captured most popular interest (see below), it was the pre-Viking archaeology that drew me here. Burials of Viking type were made at the east end of the church, and an existing building was cut down and converted into the chamber of a burial mound containing at least 249 individuals. The singular monument lies on a crest above [and designed to be seen from] the River Trent, not only a great natural divide, but the historic boundary between north and south. At first, they were certain that it was a Viking grave, but subsequent radiocarbon dating showed that this was not the case.. Now, 3 decades later, a new set of examinations confirm that the remains are indeed Viking. No need to register, buy now! St. Wystan's Church is an Anglican parish church in Repton, Derbyshire that is famous for its Anglo-Saxon crypt which is the burial place of two Mercian kings. Photos: Viking burial site at Repton The charnel burial at Repton includes the bones of nearly 300 people. Historical material suggests that a Viking army wintered in Repton during the winter of 873-874 CE (Richards 2003: 384); this period clearly matches the dates indicated by the silver pennies. St Wystan’s church at Repton, Derbyshire sits on a prominent bluff on the south side of the valley of the River Trent. These were further hints that the encampment must have been in the general area surrounding St Wystan's. Repton. 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