Cortes undertook the rebuilding of the city and renamed it Mexico City. © 2020 aztecsandtenochtitlan.com. In 1376, the first King of Tenochtitlan ascended to the throne and under him, the construction of Templo Mayor began. The triple alliance of these city-states ruled the region of Central Mexico from 1428 till the arrival of the Spanish conquistadors and their conquest of the Aztec Empire in 1521. The Mexica people arrived from the north to the Valley of Mexico, in 1248. An evil Aztec Empire in, say, 1800 with a relative modern military, some industry, large farms/plantations teeming with slaves, hugh pyramids where a lucky choosen one is to meet the Gods once a month or so and annual ritual combats and/or blood sport matches between clans/states/what not, would have a certain appeal, would it not? The third king reigns 1417 - 1427. But they were soon expelled by the Tepaneca people of the powerful city-state of Azcapotzalco. 1390. Beginning in the 14th century the American Indian people known as the Aztec ruled a large empire based in what is now Mexico City, Mexico. Remains of what may have been a pre-Harappan city. 1417- 1427. Fandom Apps Take your favorite fandoms with you and never miss a beat. The second Huey Tlatcani, Huitzilihuitzli, rules An alliance with the Tepaneca is created. During his reign the Aztecs began to flourish. The final period is the decline of Aztec Empire and the conquest of Spaniards. Print; Main. Moctezuma or Montezuma II was an Aztec ruler, leader of the Aztec Triple Alliance from c. 1502–1520. How to make a timeline? Templo Mayor was among the key temples in the city of Tenochtitlan and was dedicated to Huitzilopochtli, the god of war, and Tlaloc, the god of rain and agriculture. A timeline created with Timetoast's interactive timeline maker. 7500BC- Ancient bricks dated at the Gulf of Cambay. Entering The Valley of Mexico. City of Tenochtitlan is founded The Aztec build their city of Tenochtitlan and make it their capital. Spanish conquerors destroyed the city in the 1500s and later built Mexico City, Mexico, on the same site. Original construction of the Templo Mayor beings in Tenochtitlan. He fought valiantly against the Spaniards but was finally taken prisoner in 1521 and ultimately executed by Cortes in 1525. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. In the ensuing revengeful measures by Maxtla, Tenochtitlan went to war with him by forging alliance with Tlacopan and Texcoco. Montezuma II ruled Tenochtitlan from 1502 to 1520. This marked the beginning of the Empire. 1519. Cortes returned in 1520, laid siege to Tenochtitlan and the city fell to his army in early 1521. In the year 1452, the Lake Texcoco overflowed ravaging the city of Tenochtitlan and damaging it severely. The Aztec peoples included different ethnic groups of central Mexico, particularly those groups who spoke the Nahuatl language and who dominated large parts of Mesoamerica from the 14th to the 16th centuries. First, killing thousands of people, whether you or your neighbours, simply can't be good for a society. During his reign, the Aztec Empire reached its largest size. They eventually settled near Lake Texcoco in 1248 but were soon expelled by the Tepaneca. Following the massacre in the Great Temple in 1520, Spaniards fled the city fearing repercussions. Cortes and his tiny force capture Montezuma, ruler of the mighty Aztec empire, in his palace at Tenochtitlan Go to Cortés, Hernán (1485–1547) in World Encyclopedia (1 ed.) 1517: A shoot star in the sky A … 7000BC- Earliest Pre-Harappan settlement of Mehrgarh. 1502: Christopher Columbus, on his Fourth New World Voyage, meets with some advanced traders: they were likely Mayan vassals of the Aztecs. The Mexica people first came to Central Mexico in the 12th century. These two empires came face to face in 1428 CE with the Tepanec War. He later returned with an army and laid siege to Tenochtitlan which finally fell in 1521 with the capture of Cuauhtemoc. Acampichtli forged alliances with major city states and paid them tribute. In 1428, an alliance with city-states of Tlacopan and Texcoco was forged, although over time Tenochtitlan became the major power of the alliance. Acamapachitili's Reign 1376 - 1395. The loss of people in a loss that can't be calculated. Over the next 225 years the Aztecs will move many times until they finally settle down at the city of Tenochtitlan . The Mexica first settled near Lake Texcoco in 1248. Tenochitlan, the capital of the Aztec empire, is built 1325. Cortés leaves to combat a rival Spanish force on the coast, giving. The heir was supported by Tenochtitlan, Tayahauh, lost in the struggle to his brother Maxtla and soon the city found itself at odds with Azcapotzalco. The first period begins with the start migration of the Nahua peoples from northern Mexico to Mesoamerica. Aztec glyphs for the member-states of the Aztec Triple Alliance. Cuauhtemoc ruled Tenochtitlan from 1520 to 1521, after the death of Montezuma II and before the city finally fell to Spaniards. The Aztec history can be broadly categorised into three periods. There's little doubt that the ritual Aztec sacrifice contributed to the fall of the Aztec Empire, and in more ways than one. However, he was from an influential family with Mexica ancestry and so he was chosen to lead the city. The first ruler of the city of Tenochtitlan was elected in 1376. It was so stubborn that Tlaxcallan sided with the Spanish and made the overthrow of the Aztec empire possible. The Aztecs go to war with Tepaneca The Aztec Empire came into being as a result of alliance between three city states of Tenochtitlan, Texcoco, and Tlacopan. Hernan Cortes landed on the Gulf Coast in 1519 and reached Tenochtitlan at the end of 1519. By around 1400 CE several small empires had formed in the Valley of Mexico and dominant amongst these were Texcoco, capital of the Acholhua region, and Azcapotzalco, capital of the Tepenec. Following this, Itzcoatl became the king of Tenonchtitlan while also effectively becoming the first emperor of the new Empire formed as a result of the alliance. 1370. The Mexica tribe came to the Valley of Mexico in the 12th century and eventually founded the city of Tenochtitlan by Lake Texcoco. See this event in other timelines: Following this, the city was rebuilt under Ahuitzotl in an even grander way. Make educational timelines or create a timeline for your company website. Aztec settle in Tenochtitlan After migrating from Aztlan and searching for years for their Promised Land, the Aztec settle in Tenochtitlan 1375. Aztec civilization begins 1325. Over time, as the empire expanded, Tenochtitlán dominated the alliance and became the capital of the empire. The Aztecs were extremely creative with their inventions. They were banished to an island after they sacrificed the daughter of a king. The Aztec empire was born of the alliance of Tenochtitlán, Texcoco and Tlacopan. During his reign, a double aqueduct pipe system was built to bring fresh water to the city of Tenochtitlan. In the 14th century, the city formed a Triple Alliance with two neighbouring city states and thus the Aztec Empire was born. Tenoch, a ruler of the Aztecs, dies. Also referred to as ‘floating gardens’ chinampas were mounds of dirt and other debris built up in the shallow, swampy areas of Lake Texcoco which surrounded Tenochtitlan. The Aztec built their capital of Tenochtitlán on islands in Lake Texcoco. D&D Beyond This is around when the Aztec Empire was founded. With the death of the Montezuma II in 1520, possibly at the hands of Spaniards, the Aztec Empire fell. All rights reserved. In 1519, the Spaniards under the leadership of Hernan Cortes reached the Aztec Empire. During his reign, the Aztec Empire defeated many other tribes and states in the valley of Mexico and effectively ended the domination of the Tepaneca and firmly established the foundations of the Aztec Empire. 1220. Imperial alliance of city states located in central Mexico during the 15th and 16th centuries. Soon afterwards, Spaniards led a massacre of the local population in the Great Temple in 1520 and fled. Then in 1325, the Mexica founded the city of Tenochtitlan which became the focal point of the Aztec Empire. Political reforms were made to strengthen the grip the Aztecs possessed over local rivals. Who knows how it would have been different if these people and their children had swelled the ranks that fought the Spanish, not to mention the other contributions th… When Hernan Cortes reached the gates of Tenochtitlan in 1520, the people of the city were under the influence of this superstition according to some historians. 1200 - The Aztecs arrive in the Valley of Mexico. Timeline of the Aztec Empire Timeline created by lia.zitvar. The Aztecs were different ethnic groups of Central Mexico who formed the basis of an Empire spanning across Mesoamerica between the 14th and 16th centuries. Timeline of key events in the history of the Aztec Empire. Following the death of the first Aztec Emperor, Itzcoatl, Moctezuma I became the second emperor of the Aztec Empire. A Dangerous Enemy The Texcalteca (as the people of Tlaxcala are called) shared technology, social forms and cultural elements of other Nahua groups, including the origin myth of Chichemec migrants settling central Mexico and the adoption of farming and culture of the Toltecs . 1521. He is famous for being the ruler of the Aztec empire at the start of the Spanish conquest of Mexico. In 1517, a comet was seen in the sky which the Aztecs interpreted as the harbinger of doom and destruction. During his reign, Tenochtitlan was able to emerge as a powerful state. The Aztec Empire had a strong and thriving economy before the arrival of Spanish conquistadors in 1519. This started in 6th century and culminated with the arrival of Mexica people in 12th century. 1428–1521. It was the end of the Aztec Empire. ... Timeline. He expanded the Empire beyond the Valley of Mexico so that it reached the Gulf Coast. 1100 - The Aztecs leave their homeland of Aztlan in northern Mexico and begin their journey south. Read more about the Aztec Timeline Facts >>. The first Huey Tlatcani of the Aztec empire, Acamapichtli, rules. The Azcapotzalco forces were defeated by an alliance of Texcoco, Tenochtitlan (the capital of the Mexica) and several other smaller cities. Interesting events in the timeline of Aztec History, accurate dates and timeline of the founding, events and decline of the Aztec Civilization. The Aztec Empire came to dominate the entire Valley of Mexico, subjugating all other city states and people. In 1521, Spaniards laid siege to the city of Tenochtitlan and destroyed it, thereby ending the Aztec Empire. Create a Timeline Now; The Rise and Fall of the Aztec. Montezuma I was the second Aztec Emperor. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Aztec round dance for Quetzalcóatl and Xolotl (a dog-headed god who is Quetzalcóatl's companion), detail from a facsimile Codex Borbonicus (folio 26), c. 1520; original in the Chamber of Deputies, Paris, France. Following victor… Azcapotzalco was defeated in the war and the three members of alliance divided the Tepanec land between them. The face of the Aztec sun god, Tonatiuh, appears at the center of this Aztec calendar stone. He rebuilt the main square of the city and named it Plaza Mayor. The Aztec Empire steadily grew in size and power, reaching its culmination by the beginning of 16th century where it stretched from Gulf of Mexico to Pacific coast. The Aztecs leave their homeland of Aztlan in northern Mexico and begin their journey south in search for a new place to settle (their promised land) According to Tenochtitlan’s legend, the Aztecs were advised by their Sun and War god, Huitzilopochtli, to migrate to find new lands until they look for a special sign that would let them know that they had found their new home. Many great encounters in world history, including Cortés's clash with the Aztec empire, had less to do with weaponry, tactics and strategy than with the ravages of disease. The ninth emperor, Montezuma II (reigned 1502–20), was taken prisoner by Hernán Cortés and died in custody. The Spanish find the Aztecs This is when Cortés gets permission to explore Aztec territory. The Aztec empire was still expanding, and its society still evolving, when its progress was halted in 1519 by the appearance of Spanish explorers. They initially settled by the Lake Texcoco in Chapultepec. Azteca: Webster’s Timeline History, 1857 – 2007 Paperback – July 10, 2009, Copyright - 2020 - Aztecs and Tenochtitlan, Azteca: Webster’s Timeline History, 1857 – 2007, Read more about the Aztec Timeline Facts >>. 1524: Cortes develops the land Cortes worked to develop farms throughout New Spain, or Mexico. In 1428, a Triple Alliance of the three city states including Tenochtitlan, Tlacopan and Texcoco marked the beginning of the Empire. This timeline will provide an overview of events about the rise and fall of the Aztec empire between the years 1200 CE and 1521 CE. (Aztec Empire) Ēxcān Tlahtōlōyān. Timeline. At its height, the Aztecs ruled over 80,000 square miles throughout central Mexico, from the Gulf Coast to the Pacific Ocean, and south to what is now Guatemala. Aztec priest performing a sacrificial offering of a living human heart to the war god Huitzilopochtli, illustration from a reproduction of the Codex Magliabecchi. The Aztecs (/ ˈ æ z t ɛ k s /) were a Mesoamerican culture that flourished in central Mexico in the post-classic period from 1300 to 1521. In Uncategorized. The Mexica built the city of Tenochtitlan on one of the swampy islands of Lake Texcoco, This city was founded in 1325. Its construction began in 1325 and the base measured 100 by 80 meters. In 1427, The Triple Alliance was forged between Tenochtitlan, Tlacopan and Texcoco. Despite the alliance betw… It was reconstructed six times after the first construction. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Beginning of the Aztec Empire The Aztecs left their homeland of Aztlan and traveled south to the Valley of Mexico 1325. The Aztec Empire Timeline created by Gray.horlock. Between 1440 and 1510 the Aztec Empire reached its height and expanded to the Gulf of Mexico and the Pacific shores. Detail from Mexican artist Diego Rivera's mural Great City of Tenochtitlán depicting market day in the Aztec capital, with the city's great temple complex in the background. Legacy - what did they leave us? Britannica Kids Holiday Bundle. The portrayal of Moctezuma in history has mos 1395- 1417. In 1545, an unknown disease struck the Aztec Empire.Those who came down with it might become feverish, start vomiting, and develop blotches on … XIX Century. The Fall of the Empire. Sitemap. After the fall of the Aztec Empire, Spain renames the conquered lands as the Viceroyalty of New Spain and rules Mexico for the next three hundred years In 1522 the Spanish begin to rebuild the city of Tenochtitlan, previously the capital of the Empire, later known as Mexico City Cortes becomes the first colonial ruler of the conquered territories until 1524, running his administration from Mexico City, the … They were able to expand their empire by defeating nearby kingdoms in battle. NOW 50% OFF! The Aztec Empire was the last of the great Mesoamerican cultures. Montezuma II was the most famous of the Aztec kings. The grandeur of the capital, Tenochtitlan, showed power and wealth, and from that city their armies went out to … The second Aztec king reigns, and forms an allience with the Tepaneca 1395 - 1417. The Aztecs had an extremely rich culture and they were kind enough to leave many aspects of their culture behind for us to experience today. The alliance was known as the “Triple Alliance” and came into being in 1428 after defeating the competing city-states. Aztlan is a legendary … It was brought to an end when Spaniards, led by Hermes Cortes, invaded and destroyed Tenochtitlan. Between A.D. 1345 and 1521, the Aztecs forged an empire over much of the central Mexican highlands. Cortes met Montezuma in 1519 and earlier meetings began on a friendly note but soon the Aztec and Spaniards were pitted against each other. 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