Interestingly, this isn’t the case in all forms of French. One of the hardest things for a native English speaker learning French, is remembering when to use the masculine “le” or “un” or the feminine “la” or “une”. The question contains content related to French … I hope you enjoy it. When did organ music become associated with baseball? If we called that same structure “un monument” then it is masculine. Hello, what did you mean by “(but not after s/c¸)” in the first line of the masculine list? Why organizing nouns into general groups seemed necessary, and why certain nouns that would seem inherently masculine or feminine fall into the completely opposite category, is still uncertain. However, it’s important to note that words ending in “isme” or “age” for example tend to be masculine. Examples: ‘une gomme’ – an eraser has two ends. Claire, Donald, Céline, Christine, et Roger étaient tous fatigués. You may also want to check if it belongs on the list of typically masculine or feminine word endings. except endings : “Un musée”. “Gender” is still the term used for this kind of classification, though. Isn’t it?! Merci nnn. But before you do, here’s how to easily know the gender of French words. What about you? OR J’en ai marre de cette chaise ! We all use a very small portion of even our native language in everyday life. Masculine or Feminine? 32 years in France and I’m still lost with word gender. : s is pronounced as “sh”, z as “z” – put them together, you obtain sz pronounced as “s” and zs as the first sound in the French word “jurer”, or in “manGer”. Masculine singular: content The reason you say “mon” is because it starts with a “a”. Il/elle est allé(e) Hi, just wondering what you mean by “after C (C=t)” when listing this rule for masculine nouns: When the word ends with either “t’er or “t”e where t can also be c, Thanks for this handy summary. ‘une table’ – a table has four legs. That’s definitely something I want to work on though. 20 Terms. It sometimes use “he” or “she” instead of “it”. I’ ll look for Hangul on the internet out of curiosity. There’s no explanation. To remember the genders in nouns very well, I address objects and food as he or she or he/she if it’s a neuter. Now let’s see why knowing the gender of French words is so important. Common rules and patterns for deciding if a French noun is masculine or feminine. Adjectives don’t have a gender as such, but their ending depends on the gender of the noun they describe. (Out of curiosity, just now I went through the vocab lists for my French II textbook — and confirmed that the above rule correctly identifies 88.5% of the nouns from those lists as feminine vs. Nouns with these endings were found to be of the same gender in more than 90% of cases. Maybe they have also one gender to speak about aliens!? And as you start memorizing words this way, you may notice that certain types of words tend to be one gender or another, which will give you more of a chance of guessing, if you ever have to. Plus you’ll get the added benefit of the input of possibly great literature, depending on what you chose. Les noms de villes peuvent être féminins ou masculins. It would be awesome if you could come back in a few months and tell us if this rule works :). Great post! It is released alongside two other Godard titles - Vivre Sa Vie (1962) and Two Or Three Things I Know About Her (1967). it is the word chosen. Sadly, some other jobs, like un médecin (a doctor) only take the masculine pronoun. (love) passionné, ardent adj adjectif: modifie un nom. Similarly, you have a masculine “a” (un) and a feminine “a” (une). How many row does Boeing has for 744 jet for economy class? It’s 1 error out of every 5 nouns spoken. Whether you write them as masculine or feminine depends on the noun they qualify. It is also helpful for me to remember feminine words can end in There’s a sad little trick to the French language regarding gender: No matter how many feminine nouns you have, if there’s just one masculine one, it takes precedence. New questions in French. No matter how you feel about gender equality, that has to make you feel good for future learners of French! The reason I haven’t written it is that I based this article on a study by McGill University and don’t have any data regarding the frequency of the simplified rule you give. Why don't libraries smell like bookstores? In other cases, the problem is logistical. I am incredibly grateful, thank you. So, for example, orange is masculine when it’s a color and feminine when it’s a fruit. No matter how much research you do or how many linguistics classes you take in college (trust me), you’ll never get a definitive answer to this. A noun’s gender determines what articles (the equivalents of “the” and “a”) can be used with it. You have to learn only those few masculine endings with E as last letter… Quite simple. You can actually know the gender of a French noun with more than 80% accuracy just by looking at its ending. You use the masculine form if there is at least one man in the group. As I said in the article, this list is simply here for reference, I absolutely don’t recommend to learn it by heart. French adjectives change based on the gender and number of the noun they modify. One of the first things a French learner discovers is that every French noun is either masculine or feminine. ‘Handsome’ all buildings apartment, museum, cinema, airport , Bus stop, Jetty , Another bit of good news: As with les, the plural form of “a” in French, des, stays the same whether you’re using it with masculine or feminine nouns. But yeah, it’ s a bit hard for me to predict words’ gender. Nous sommes allé(e)s Dans le contexte Écrivez le mot de la liste qui … French words have a gender. Regardless of your gender, if you’re someone who wants equality for everyone (a.k.a. Many languages group nouns by whether they’re animate or inanimate. The things which are Examples: généreux, généreuse; peureux, peureuse. How did masculine Latin modus turned into feminine French mode? , My rule of thumb – all feminine nouns end with ‘e’…except in rare cases like ‘homme’. Un chat, une chatte. Want more practice, or different ways to practice? Salut Ben, en français toute règle que tu peux imaginer a une exception. So it is NOT the object itself that is masculine or feminine…. The French love of classifying things and making them concise means that you couldn’t have adjectives/verbs/pronouns that agree with both genders, so one had to be chosen, and the one that was chosen was the gender that had the most power at the time: masculine. It’s really uncomfortable!). I explain it to my college students this way, I hope it helps: I English we say “an igloo” because the noun igloo begins with a vowel. Of course! Did Britney Spears cheat on Justin Timberlake? Hungarian grammar is one of the trickiest there is (even though nouns don’t have genders), but I must say, that writing is way more logical than French. Pour les formes qui sont "irrégulières" au féminin, celles-ci sont données (ex : irrégulier, irrégulière > irrégulier = forme masculine, irrégulière = forme féminine) You've used a masculine adjective form with a feminine noun. Instead, bookmark this page and regularly look at the list. Luckily this is one of many myths about the French language. mostly if there is an e at the end, my guess is feminine. If you’re not, try saying or writing the word with its masculine or feminine article a few times. Unfortunately, these just have to be memorized (although we’ll … Two genders: masculine and feminine. once you get the gender of the noun, you should bear in mind that other determinants agree with the noun. Claire, Donald, Céline, Christine, et Roger were all tired. I would like to know why the french word for water: “eau” is considered feminine when it doesn’t meet the feminine word criteria (doesn’t end with an “e” or an “ion”). I saw into a youtube vid that scandinavian languages have also a third gender, the neutral nouns. Except words ending in -age, -ege, -é, or -isme (these endings often indicate masculine words). Yeah German has a third gender too. So, yes, this does all mean that French noun genders are completely arbitrary in many cases. Here are some categories of French words that are typically masculine: Here are some categories of French words that are typically feminine: For more details about these categories, you can have a look at this list or this one, which includes links to two French podcasts about how to tell what gender a word is. I made a wrong example, writing in English instead of French language, but still I think it shows the meaning that I wanted explain. But with genders attributed to words in a way that seems completely arbitrary, how can you ever learn the genders of every French noun? Just downloading the apps for a newspaper or two, or even starting with simple stories such as children books will do wonders. It’s thought that as time went on and religion became more organized and, in most places, less animistic, gender seemed like a good way to keep nouns organized. Ils sont tous sur son plateau. This article includes a great list of French word gender games you can play on your own or with a group. Is there a way to search all eBay sites for different countries at once? Your site is very useful. Is examen feminine in french or masculine. Remember that if a word in a particular category has another meaning, the gender of that second meaning probably won’t be the same (we’ll talk more about this a little later on). I just find American English the most difficult: their slang words often confuses me, and I had to ask my friend why it exists, and how the word is used. I was used to spend time with a Japanese friend and he explained me some issue about his language, he said also the way his father was used to speak was comprehensible to him up to 80% because his father (and his generation) have a slight different construction of the phrase compared to that of my friend’s generation. By the way, 80% accuracy is horrible accuracy. Even very advanced speakers of French have this problem, if their first language is English. You can also learn the ending of each word individually of course but I find that learning these masculine and feminine endings helps a lot. From rule above, maybe there is way to simplify it, all endings with ‘e’ are feminine +90%, Is that therefore a masculine word or a feminine word? For example, traditionally, jobs like teachers and writers were only used with masculine nouns. There are many approaches to learning the genders of French nouns. – strong If there is one man in the group, use “ils”. 10 Questions | By Ajjb2 | Last updated: May 22, 2017 | Total Attempts: 7994 Questions All questions 5 questions 6 questions 7 questions 8 questions 9 questions 10 questions French - Masculine Or Feminine Noun? I can’t confirm you that 90% of nouns do end with a vowel, because I would need to check out the entire dictionary, but it’s clear that there are lots of ways to determine the gender of French nouns, and the vowel rule may be one of them. It’s been years since I babysat that little boy, and years since I’ve been speaking French, so when I say or write those words today, the song doesn’t necessarily come to mind, but there was a time when it did for some of them! Cléa, Hélène, Rose, and Paul like movies. https://www.answers.com/Q/Is_the_spanish_word_examen_masculine_or_feminine. (vowel) I haven't done any revising so there's little or no chance of me passing the exam. Masculine plural: fatigués i have noticed that most feminine nouns end in vowels, usually “e”. The same would be true for “école” for example. The words trompette and clarinette have a feminine … End of the free exercise to learn French: Masculine >Feminine A free French exercise to learn French. I just don't know whether something is 'la' or le' or 'du' or 'de la' etc. He said also that women and men know and use (I don’t know how many on the overall language) different words for the same things, this feature reflects the fact of an, old, difference of power between couple’s members. Where there is a conflict, rules to do with a word's construction or function generally override rules to do with the word's sound or ending. Fortunately, there are methods that you can use to learn, memorize, and guess the genders of French nouns. I checked to be sure, it isn’t there!!! Of course, some words change very little when it comes to the noun they’re modifying. How does mobility effect diffusion rates. When it comes to learning genders in French, I feel like I’m living proof of what the McGill study found. “Gender” is still the term used for this kind of classification, though. For instance, in Canadian French, une médecin and une docteure are used, and doctoresse is used in Swiss and Belgian French. FEMININE: the great majority of words that end in -e or -ion. Create your account. While there is no precise data available, you can consider that you’ll be right 80% of the time if you use this simplified list. Or print it out and hang it somewhere you often linger – for example, beside your bathroom mirror, by the sink where you wash the dishes, or even by your toilet. How many inches tall is a sixteen Oz monster energy can? Alysa Salzberg is an American writer, worrier, teacher, and cookie enthusiast who has lived in Paris, France, for more than a decade. Strong as rock, diamond , Jade , sand . The method that’s been shown to be the most effective is…. So, if you like music, poetry, books, movies, TV series – just about anything that can let you hear/see and become familiar with French words in situ, this is a great way to supplement your French word gender knowledge. Feminine singular: bonne The two forms are the same. The problem is that a spoken word doesn’t reveal how it ends, because the final one-to-several letters are completely silent. Secondly, my first language(Iranian), also, is 100% neutral in terms of gender, no pronoun or name has grammatical gender, although i dont thing there is any good in learning it! Feminine plural: tristes. You can see some signs of social change in in the French language itself. For example the administration doesn’t use the word “mademoiselle” anymore. Alcohol, wine, almost all of the fruits in sour taste, the time you can see the sun as morning, noon, evening, and the meals we eat in day time etc. Take the word “Légume” when you say it, “Lay-g-ew-m” it sounds like it ends with “m”. If none of these other strategies speak to you, here’s another that’s often recommended:  Instead of simply learning each word and its gender by heart, it can be smart to associate each gender with an action in your mind. I am confused with the é ending cause fraternité, egalité are females….are those exceptions? , The majority of words that end in -e or -ion. Is the word disques masculine or feminine in french? If you don’t need to speak French it doesn’t matter. “La tour” because when its meaning is “tower” “tour” is feminine. That is the question you often ask yourself as a French learner. This being said, there are some feminists and activists who think that feminizing a profession is sexist unto itself and that all professions in French should simply be a single word, not two separate, male and female versions. Yeah I also find English pronunciation quite tricky, you never know what to expect! The more you read and hear French, the most you will be able to automatically determine whether a word is feminine or masculine. On the other hand, it is at least consistent – a letter always signifies the same sound. Sophpoph. So words whose meaning you could consider to be feminine can be masculine, and the contrary. Now you know how to identify the gender of French nouns. Good news – there’s a plural “the” (les), but it stays the same for groups/things of either gender. I put ma because it ended in a vowel Yeah French is actually one of the easiest language for a native English speaker to learn. Apart from genders. Is the spanish word examen masculine or feminine? Females are also labeled as the fairer sex and are considered superior to men folks as far as their resilience, … Ils is the standard if it’s a mixed group. Unlike English, there are two ways to say “they” in French: Note that in French, masculine nouns take precedence over feminine ones. – words that end with ‘ion’ are feminine If a word ends with ‘eux’ is it masculine or feminine? This includes all the continents (Europe, Afrique, Amérique, Asie, Océanie, Antarctique). I Don’t Know How I Should Thank You But THANK YOU SO MUCH. The passé composé tense is the most striking example of the influence of genders and number on conjugation, although any verb tense that uses an auxiliary verb can be influenced by the gender and number of the subject. As you can see, these categories don’t cover every subject in the French language, so this method should be used with another one to be able to guess a word’s gender with accuracy. As it happens, it ends with an “e”, so it’s feminine then? In Hungarian, you spell everything just the way you hear it (phonetic writing) – no silent letters. example: Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. That means that not only do concepts that may reinforce gender stereotypes persist in the language used for some French professions; unpredictable gender rules do, too. As in English, pronouns change depending on the subject’s gender. That’s it. You can compare this to the way the word “actor” is being used more and more frequently to describe both males and females with this profession in the Anglophone world. I observed that some inanimate french objects that have Pair Properties (double sides) are feminine, while others are masculine. In theory at least, because if there are 20 women and one man, people often use the feminine form. Besides that, this a good strategy for beginners, who will sound foreign no matter what anyway. In French for instance we call that modern marvel The Eiffel Tower “La Tour Eiffel”. For example, the word voile in French can either mean a sail or a veil. Most of his suggestions are right. This may have had practical, as well as religious, purposes. That’s a great way to do it, thanks for sharing :). And I think Finnish has 13.Crazy :D. French is easy in comparison. They are a prince and princess. Abandonné will be used if the noun it describes is masculine, but if the noun is feminine you’d say “abandonnée”. ending anything but ‘e’ – masculine, Isn’t it the same as the simplified list I posted though? Thanks. As you may have noticed above, the rule for countries is: almost all countries that end in -e are considered to be feminine for grammatical purposes. But you’ll never be able to speak French perfectly without knowing genders. the belief under I operate —> the belief I operate under And they had even more trouble when it came to a list of feminine words. Here, for instance, is the verb aller conjugated in the passé composé: Je suis allé(e) “May the penguin be with you! I imagine that also a slight change of position of words like this: Thank you for that! I love my language (Spanish) and, if you say a ssdistic person invented French, then that would go for Spsnish, because we also say Los cabellos (masculine) and La silla (feminine). This would have been a great tool in learning the language in school no doubt… but my question is now – today…. Well, Richard, see it like this–using this strategy, I can focus on learning the 20% of noun articles that don’t follow these rules.Or even less because let’s be honest? Not the object itself that requires the article “ an house made of ice ” just because igloo with. You never know what to expect one ’ s definitely something I want to check if it on... Hard to refer to animals as “ it ” as a French noun genders are completely arbitrary many! 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